Dhumapana is an Ayurveda treatment which is used the upper respiratory part, supra clavicular part and in various head and neck disorders and psychosomatic disorders. Dhumapana is also used as “pre-post-procedures in Panchakarma treatments. Dhumapana is done by igniting a special medicated wick and patient is allowed to inhale through the nostrils and exhale the fumigation through mouth.
The person who wishes to take care of his health should inhale herbal smoke daily to treat or to prevent the onset of diseases of the parts above the shoulders, arising from – increases of kapha and Vata.
Oral infections, gingivitis
Types of Dhumapana –
Snigdha Dhuma– lubricating, also known as Mrudu (Soft) / Prayogika – useful in Vata imbalance.
Madhya Dhuma– medium – useful in Vata and Kapha imbalance. Also known as Shamana Dhuma
Teekshna Dhuma– strong, useful in Kapha imbalance. Also known as Virechana dhuma (Purifying)
Herbal smoking blends – Dhuma dravyani –
For Mridu- mild kind of smoke, useful drugs are- Aguru, Guggulu, Musta, sthauneya, Shaileya, Nalada, Usheera, Valaka, Varanga, Kounti, Madhuka, Bilvamajja, elavaluka, Shrivestaka, Sarjarasa, Dhyamaka, Madana, Plava, Shallaki, Kumkuma, Masha, Yava, Kunduruka, Tila, oil obtained from fruits and pith of trees, fat, Marrow, muscle- fat and ghee. 13-15
For Shamana- Madyama, medium kind of smoke useful drugs are- shallaki, Laksha,Prithvika, Kamala, Utpala, Barks of Nyagrodha, Udumbara, Asvattha, Plaksa and Rodhra; Sita, Yasthimadhu (licorice), Suvarnatwak, Padmaka, Raktayastika Kustha, tagara and other scents – perfumeries.
For Teekshna – strong, Purgative kind of smoke –useful drugs are Jyotismati, Nisha (turmeric), Dashamula, Ala, Laksa, Shweta, Triphala, Substances which have strong smell and drugs of Murdha Virechana Gana- vide chapter 15, -13-18
Cough, Dyspnoea, Rhinitis, Disorders of voice, bad smell – of the nose and mouth, pallor of the face, disorders of hairs; discharges, itching, pain and in activities – diminution or loss of function of the ears, mouth and eyes; stupor and hiccup do not affect the person who inhales smoke- habitually. 22