• Dr.Jeevan.E.P

Know about Bhutas & Doshas

The five basic eternal elements:-

1. Earth 2. Water 3. Fire 4. Air 5. Ether

These eternal elements manifest in the human body as three basic principles or subtle energies or functions (Tri dosha in Sanskrit). The word Dosha literally means that which changes from normal functions to abnormal or mistakes. They are Vata, Pitta and Kapha. The Pancha Maha bhuta and Tri Dosha are not prevalent by naked eye. It is a Principle or concepts. The air and ether element combined to form the Vata Principle. The fire and water element constitutes Pitta Principle. Earth and water constitutes the Kapha principle. These three basic principles govern all biological, physiological and physio-pathological functions of the body, mind and consciousness. They act as basic constituents and protective barriers for the body in its normal physiological conditions.


Vata Principle (Dynamic Force)

It is considered as the prime among the thre as it governs the functions of all other doshas.


Large intestine is the main place where Vata located

Ear & Skin are the sense organs where Vata located

Bone, Joints, Cartilages and tendons are the tissue where Vata located

Hair, nails and teeth are the waste products where Vata located.


You need to balance the Vata dosha if many of the following conditions are present:

Your skin or hair is dry, rough and thin.

You feel cold easily or have poor circulation with cold hands and feet.

You are chronically underweight and find it difficult to gain weight.

Your mind is constantly anxious, restless and agitated and you are prone to worry and fear.

You experience constipation or have frequent flatulence.

You suffer from insomnia or have unsettled sleep and disturbing dreams.

You suffer from vaginal dryness or menstrual cramps and PMT.

You have spells of forgetfulness and absent mindedness.

You experience discomfort or stiffness in the joints or lower back pain.

You easily become fatigued and have poor endurance.


You suffer from any of the diseases like:

chronic constipation, disc prolapse, dry hemorrhoids, lumbago, sciatica, knee joint pain, varicosity, arthrosis, arthritis, spondilosis, pain, bone and joint diseases, paralysis, Alzheimer’s, epilepsy, migraine, head aches.


Tips for balancing Vata:

Follow a Vata balancing nutritional guidelines. Favoring cooked foods rather than raw foods and salads.

Go to bed early before 10 pm and have lots of rest.

Diffuse calming and grounding aromatic oils or incense into your home and office. Orange, geranium, lavender, basil, are excellent in this regard.

Maintain a regular daily routine by integrating the ‘Daily Routine’ (see later section).

Give yourself an Abhyanga massage using warm Dhanwantharam thailam in each morning.

Ensure you have regular, daily elimination. Do herbal oil enema like Sahacharadi thailam to helps in this regard.

Stay warm, especially in cold, windy weather.

Take gentle walks in the forest to calm and balance the mind.

Wear calm, soothing colors such as pastels, green or brown.

Do not overexert and rest whenever the body becomes tired or over stimulated

Relax often by practicing Dhyna, Pranayama, Brimhana Yoga asana.

Read light, humorous, feel-good novels and turn the television off one hour before bed.

Take up walking, fishing, bird-watching or gardening for general relaxation.

Take up writing, drawing, painting or acting to balance your creative energies.

Avoid excessive talking and try to have a day of silence each week.

Wrap up warm and keep dry in the winter - cover your head on cold, windy days.

Avoid loud, noisy environments

Rest for short periods throughout the day


Pitta Principle (Thermo Dynamic)


Small intestine is the main place where Pitta located

Eyes are the sense organs where Pitta located

Blood is the tissue where Pitta located

Urine and sweat are the waste products where Pitta located.


You need to balance the heat of pitta if many of the following conditions are present:

Your skin is overly oily and prone to acne.

You are prone to rashes, fevers or inflammatory skin conditions

You have excessive hunger or thirst.

You sweat profusely and have overly hot hands and feet.

You suffer from infections, access acidity, ulcers and heart problems.

You are overly aggressive and prone to anger and frustration.

You experience lose or hot, watery stools and diarrhea-type elimination.

You tend to be overly critical, domineering, obsessive or controlling in nature.

You experience frequent eyestrain or tension headaches.

You are going prematurely grey or balding.


You are suffering from:

Acne vulgaris, Lyme disease, 
Gastric ulcer, Excessive mensuration, neurodermatitis, leucoderma,

Psoriasis, Eczema, dysuria, fungus, Candidiasis,


Tips for balancing Pitta:

Follow a Pitta balancing nutritional guidelines and avoid overly hot, spicy or sour foods.

Avoid very heating substances such as red meat, alcohol and tobacco.

Avoid excessive fasting and try to eat when you are hungry. Don’t skip meals; especially lunch.

Exercise moderately (short runs or swims) and only when the weather or climate is cool.

Walk regularly in nature; especially by the lake. Walking in the moonlight is also very beneficial.

Especially avoid prolonged exercise in very hot climates or environments.

Keep your head and skin protected and refrain from sunbathing when the sun is hot.

Reduce your exposure to hot environments such as saunas and steam rooms.

Cultivate peaceful emotions and spend more time with people who love and fully accept you.

Avoid and angry or stressed people and try not to argue – aim to agree more often!

Take the time to be sweet and sociable and find the time to chat, laugh and play.

Practice moderation and find time for enjoying leisure activities and appreciating natural beauty.

Avoid overly competitive sports, deadlines and confrontation in general.

Practice meditation, cooling forms of pranayama and gentle Brimhana yoga postures.

Avoid watching too much television and excessive use of computers.

Massage the head with Eladi coconut oil.

Keep one to two drops of ghee in the eyes and nose before going to bed.

Wear cooling colours – blue, purple, green and avoid wearing red colours.

Drink pomegranate juice or eat pomegranate seeds. Its astringent and bitter quality helps balance

pitta, cleanses the liver and blood and works as an excellent heart tonic.

Drink Aloe Vera juice, grapes juice or coconut water each morning.

Kapha Principle (Statics)


Chest is the main place where Kapha is located

Tongue and Nose are the sense organs where Kapha is located

Lymph, Muscles, Fat are the tissue where Kapha located


You need to balance the Kapha if many of the following conditions are present:

You gain weight easily and find it very hard to lose weight.

You tend to be overweight.

You often feel dull, bored and lethargic.

You lack energy and feel lazy or complacent.

You experience sinus problems

You have frequent and prolonged chest colds and flu.

You suffer from congestive problems

You suffer from asthma or bronchitis.

You need lots of rest and sleep long hours.

You wake up feeling heavy and un-refreshed.

You find that you are possessive, greedy and over-attached.

You feel discomfort in cold, damp weather.

You experience bloating or water retention.

Your digestion is slow and heavy even when you have only eaten a small meal.

Your joints and muscles feel stiff and heavy, especially in the morning.


Tips for balancing Kapha:

Follow a Kapha balancing diet with plenty of spices and pungent, bitter and astringent tastes.

Skip breakfast if you don’t feel hungry.

Partake in some vigorous exercise each day – running, cycling, tennis, squash or rugby.

Stay warm in cold, damp weather.

Be early to bed and early to rise.

Take time to enjoy warm showers.

Have a vigorous, dry massage each morning.

Wear bright colours – orange, yellow, red.

Decorate you house in warm, bright, vibrant colours.

Enjoy the sun and spend more time outdoors.

Partake in exciting activities or adventure holidays.

Take time out to have fun and meet new people.

Seek out variety, embrace new experiences and take up a hobby.

Use stimulating essential oils and incense with warming aromas such as pine, eucalyptus,

clove, orange, basil & sage.




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