Prime treatments in Ayurveda
The principle of treatment in Ayurveda focuses on bringing back the normalcy of functions of systems by various methods. The method is a process of changing the condition through different steps and there by establish the equilibrium of doshas (humours). In fact treatment is directed to perform a well-planned re-arrangement in the subtle plane according to Ayurveda.
Treatments includes various types of therapies like medicated oil massage, preventive aspects like daily and seasonal regimens, curative /curative purification process using herbal preparations like juice of wet herbs, herbal pastes (kalka), kashayams (herbal decotions) medicated oils, medicated butter and ghee preparation, Arishtams (fermented preparations) etc.
PIZHICHIL- In this therapeutic process, lukewarm herbal oils are applied all over the body by two or four trained therapists in a special rhythmic way. This is done continuously for about 60 to 90 minutes per day for a period of 7 to 21 days. This treatment is very useful for rheumatic diseases like arthritis, paralysis, hemiplegia, paralysis-agitanus, sexual weakness, nervous weakness and nervous disorders.
NJAVARAKIZHI- It is a course by which the whole body or any specific part of the body is made to perspire by the external application of certain medicated puddings. These healing puddings are in the form of boluses tied up in muslin bag. Two or four therapists apply this for about 60 to 90 minutes per day for a period of 14 days. This treatment is beneficial for all types of rheumatism, joint pain, emaciation of limbs, high blood pressure, cholesterol and certain kinds of skin diseases.
SIRO-DHARA- In this process, herbal oils, medicated milk, medicated butter milk, etc., are poured on the forehead in a special manner for about 45 minutes in a day for a phase of 7 to 21 days. This treatment is mainly for insomnia, Vata-predominant diseases, mental tension and certain skin diseases.
UDVARTHANAM-This is a typical massage with herbal powder done for about 30 to 45 minutes daily for a period of 14 to 28 days. This treatment is for the diseases like hemiplegia, paralysis, obesity (excessive fat) and certain rheumatic ailments.
ABHYANGAM-A special type of oil massage in which the body is stroked in different ways according to the diseases. This is done for 45 minutes a day for 14 days. This treatment is very useful for obesity, especially for diabetic gangrene and the like.
KIZHI- Leaves of herbs as well as whole herbs and herbal powders are applied to the entire body in boluses along with hot medicated oils for 45 minutes per day. This continues for a period of 7 to 14 days. This is an excellent therapy for osteoarthritis, arthritis with swelling, spondylosis, sports injuries, etc.
DHANYAMLA DHARA- Warm herbal liquid is poured all over the body in a rhythmic way through a special vessel for 45 minutes to an hour daily. This treatment is extremely effective for hemiplegia, paralysis, rheumatic complaints, etc.
SIROVASTHI - Special lukewarm herbal oils are poured into a cap fitted on the head for 15 to 60 minutes per day according to the patient's disorder for a period of 7 days. This treatment is highly effective for facial paralysis, dryness of the nostrils, mouth and throat, severe headaches, and other Vata-originated diseases.
KATIVASTHI- In this procedure, specially prepared warm medicated oil is placed over the lower back with herbal paste boundary. This treatment lasts for 45 minutes to 1 hour and it is good for any type of back pain and spinal disorders.
UROVASTHI- Like Kativasthi, warm medicated oil is kept over the chest for 45 minutes. This is an effective treatment for asthma, other respiratory problems, heart diseases and muscular chest pain.
KSHEERADHOOMAM-This comprises a fomentation with medicated cow milk. This treatment is good for facial paralysis, Bell's palsy, speech disorders and other nervous disorders of the face.
THALAM- Special powder is mixed with medicated oil and applied on the top of the head for 20 to 45 minutes. This treatment is useful for ENT problems, insomnia, migraine, etc.
LEPANAM- This is a process by which medicated herbal paste is applied on the affected part. This is excellent for the different kinds of inflammatory conditions.
SNEHAPANAM- Medicated ghee is given internally in a proportionally increasing quantity for a period of 8 to 12 days. This treatment is excellent for osteoarthritis, psoriasis, leukaemia etc.
Among the various therapies, Panchakarma (purification therapy) is the specialty of Ayurveda treatments that consists of Snehana (oleation), Swedana (sudation), Vamana (inducing emesis), Virechana (inducing purgation), Nasya (medication through nostrils), Kashaya Vasti (enema using medicated decoction) and Snehavasti (enema using medicated oils). These treatments help cleanse the systems to maintain perfect health. The inconsistency developed and lodged in Dhatus (tissue spaces) due to the vitiation of doshas (humours) gets eliminated by the panchakarma therapy.
Virechanam-Virechanam is a stong laxative (purgation) process. It removes excess pitta which can cause acidity, rashes, burning, bleeding, diarrhea, irritability and agitation. Virechanam treats disorders of the liver, spleen, gall bladder, stomach, small intestine and skin when applicable.
VASTHI- Certain herbal oils, herbal extracts etc. are applied through the rectum daily for a period of 5 to 25 days. This treatment is for arthritis, paralysis, hemiplegia, numbness, gastric complaints associated with rheumatism and constant constipation.
Vamanam-Vamanam is a vomiting therapy to remove kapha predominant toxins that usually give rise to disorders related to mucus, congestion, heaviness, swelling and obesity. Conditions which can improve with vamanam include asthma, respiratory allergies, hay fever, psoriasis and eczema.
Rakta-moksha-Rakta-moksha means blood-letting. It helps to heal diseases caused by toxins trapped in the blood. Special leeches or instruments are used to extract blood. Chronic migraine, ulcers, varicose veins and eczema are some conditions where rakta-moksha may be applied.
NASYAM- Herbal juices, medicated oils etc., are applied through the nose for 7 to 14 days. This treatment is highly effective for certain types of headaches, paralysis, mental disorders, some types of skin disease, etc.